Native American people used the smoking pipe for many ceremonial and sacred reasons. Pipes were made out of many different materials such as shale, slate, limestone, and catlinite. Catlinite was a soft red stone found in the southwestern Minnesota area and could be easily worked with flint or a knife. Most pipe stems were made from ash or sumac, which was soft in the center for easy removal of material. The length of an average wooden pipe including the bowl was usually 30 inches, although some ceremonial pipes were longer.
The Children's Museum of Indianapolis
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Indians of North America
Indians of North America -- Tobacco use
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